Category Archives: Ideologies

New PDF release: Agent 407: A South African Spy Breaks Her Silence

By Olivia Forsyth

ISBN-10: 1868426653

ISBN-13: 9781868426652

“I owe it to many folks, and to myself, to set the list directly. there were many models of elements of the tale within the press through the years, many lies overlaid with truths and truths overlaid with lies. a lot of in fact only a palimpsest, an echo that alterations even within the act of repeating it, yet this is often my story.”

In the loss of life years of apartheid, a such a lot impressive tale hit the headlines. Agent Olivia Forsyth had escaped from ANC imprisonment in Angola. Upon her go back domestic she was once feted as a hero through the govt. In a flurry of media appearances and press releases, Forsyth claimed to have infiltrated the ANC and handed on important information.

Is that what fairly occurred? on the earth of espionage, fact is the 1st sufferer and not anything is because it turns out. right here, for the 1st time and in her personal phrases, South Africa’s such a lot infamous lady undercover agent in the course of apartheid lays naked the tale of her life.

Olivia Forsyth used to be often referred to as agent RS407, codename Lara, lieutenant within the safety department of the South Africa Police, ANC comrade Helen Bronson, prisoner Thandeka, alias Christine Smith.

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Download e-book for kindle: The American Dream: In History, Politics, and Fiction by Cal Jillson

By Cal Jillson

ISBN-10: 0700623094

ISBN-13: 9780700623099

ISBN-10: 0700623108

ISBN-13: 9780700623105

lifestyles, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness: those phrases have lengthy represented the promise of the United States, a “shimmering imaginative and prescient of a fruitful kingdom open to all who come, study, paintings, keep, make investments, and play by way of the rules.” In 2004, Cal Jillson took inventory of this imaginative and prescient and confirmed how the nation’s politicians deployed the yankee Dream, either in campaigns and governance, to carry the yank humans to their software. “Full of startling rules that make sense,” NPR’s senior correspondent Juan Williams remarked, Jillson’s booklet provided the fullest exploration but of the origins and evolution of definitely the right that serves because the starting place of our nationwide ethos and collective self-image.

Nonetheless, within the dozen years due to the fact Pursuing the yank Dream was once released, the yankee Dream has fared poorly. The decline of social mobility and the increase of source of revenue inequality—to say not anything of the intense social, political, and monetary advancements of the Bush and Obama presidencies—have confident many who the yank Dream is not any extra. this is often the fear that Jillson addresses in his new booklet, The American Dream: In heritage, Politics, and Fiction, which juxtaposes the claims of political, social, and fiscal elite opposed to the view of yankee lifestyles constantly provided in our nationwide literature. Our nice novelists, from Nathaniel Hawthorne and Herman Melville to John Updike, Philip Roth, Toni Morrison, and past spotlight the boundaries and demanding situations of life—the hassle if now not impossibility of the dream—especially for racial, ethnic, and spiritual minorities in addition to girls. His e-book takes us throughout the altering which means and fact of the yank Dream, from the 17th century to the current day, revealing a unique, sustained separation among literary and political elite.

The American Dream, Jillson indicates, took form early in our nationwide adventure and outlined the country all through its development and improvement, but it has consistently been challenged, even rejected, in our so much celebrated literature. this is often no diverse in our day, while what we think in regards to the American Dream finds as a lot approximately its limits as its possibilities.

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Read e-book online Dynasties and Interludes: Past and Present in Canadian PDF

By Lawrence LeDuc,Jon H. Pammett,André Turcotte

ISBN-10: 1459733371

ISBN-13: 9781459733374

The Hill instances: most sensible Books of 2016

An assessment of the historical past of elections and vote casting in Canada, together with minority governments, dynasties, and social movements.

Dynasties and Interludes offers a complete and exact review of elections and balloting in Canada from Confederation to the newest election. Its significant argument is that the Canadian political panorama has consisted of lengthy sessions of hegemony of a unmarried celebration and/or chief (dynasties), punctuated through brief, sharp disruptions led to by means of the unexpected upward push of latest events, leaders, or social hobbies (interludes).

This revised and up-to-date moment variation contains an research of the result of the 2011 and 2015 federal elections in addition to an in-depth dialogue of the “Harper Dynasty.”

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Get The Struggle for Modernity: Nationalism, Futurism, and PDF

By Emilio Gentile

ISBN-10: 0275976920

ISBN-13: 9780275976927

During the twentieth century, Italy skilled a few regrettable political advancements. It was once the 1st eu country after international warfare I within which a mass militia-party of progressive nationalism completed energy and abolished parliamentary democracy with the aim of creating a totalitarian country. It was once additionally the 1st in Europe to institutionalize the sacralization of politics and to have a good time formally the cult of the chief as a demi-God. those achievements weren't injuries. because the starting of the 20 th century, Italian nationalist events, from the nationwide radicalism of l. a. Voce to futurist nationalism and fascism, fostered one of many most powerful waves of eu right-wing radicalism.

The war of words among nationalism and modernity is likely one of the major keys to realizing to the diversifications of Italian radical nationalism from modernist avant-gardes as much as the fascist regime. This publication analyzes the ideological undercurrents and cultural myths that unite these kinds of hobbies. Italian nationalism from its risorgimento roots to the neo-fascist background, Gentile considers the connection among fable and association within the making of the fascist nation, the position of the get together, the liturgy of mass politics in Italy, the fascist corporations out of the country, and the perspective of fascist tradition towards the United States.

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Ullrich Müller's Die Herrschaft der Kulturindustrie über die Kunst in der PDF

By Ullrich Müller

ISBN-10: 3640896084

ISBN-13: 9783640896080

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Theorie und Ideengeschichte, be aware: 2,7, Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: In Adornos Vorstellung ist die Kunst eine erlösende Kraft. Denn wenn die Kunst als Gegenbild zur Gesellschaft eine replacement zum herrschenden procedure im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes darstellt, dann ist es nur logisch daß auch diese der Macht eben jenes herrschenden platforms zu unterwerfen wäre. Dieses stellt sich in der Dialektik der Aufklärung als point der Technischen Rationalität dar, die, indem sie Rationalität mit wirklicher Aufgeklärtheit verwechselt, jenen die Herrschaft sichert, die die Macht über die Technisierung besitzen. Dies sind laut den Autoren der Dialektik die ökonomisch Stärksten. Durch die modernen Massenmedien unterwerfen sie auch die Kunst der Rationalität der Technik und wandeln sie so vom Gegenbild zu den herrschenden Verhältnissen zum tool der Herrschaft selbst, zum Teil des wie auch immer gearteten structures.
Richtet sich dieser Prozeß in totalitären Systemen wie dem Faschismus oder dem Stalinismus eher nach den Notwendigkeiten der Herrschaft, so ist er im Kapitalismus ganz auf die Bedürfnisse der Ökonomie ausgelegt.
Bedeutete Mozarts l. a. Nozze di Figaro noch wirkliche Auflehnung, so verkommt der pseudorebellische Popsong zum gutverkäuflichen Klischee. Wo das Verbot der autoritären Herrschaft im Grunde versagt, da obsiegt die kapitalistische Kulturindustrie: Nur ihr gelingt es noch ihren eigenen Gegensatz zur Ware zu degradieren und so dem eigenen method einzugliedern. „Jeder soll sich gleichsam spontan seinem vorweg durch Indizien bestimmten „level“ gemäß verhalten und nach der Kategorie des Massenproduktes greifen, die für seinen Typ fabriziert ist.“ , heißt es hierzu in der Dialektik.
Doch gibt es in solch einem method der Kulturindustrie wirkliche Herrschaftsausübung oder wird nicht auch der Kulturindustrielle selbst ganz dialektisch durch die Kulturindustrie beherrscht? Ist additionally das Werkzeug der Kulturindustrie gar keines, da es von niemandem zielgerichtet benutzt wird, sondern vielmehr eine Logik die zur Zerstörung dessen führt, was once die Kunst im Grunde ausmacht, additionally letztlich der Kunst selbst?
Dieser Frage soll im folgenden nachgegangen werden. Zugrunde liegt dabei der Abschnitt „Kulturindustrie – Aufklärung als Massenbetrug“ der Dialektik der Aufklärung, welcher kritisch, mit Bezügen auf die Gegenwart, beleuchtet werden soll. Um die Bedeutung der Kulturindustrie herauszustreichen, wird punktuell auf den Kunstbegriff Adornos, zum Abgleich auch auf den Marcuses, eingegangen.

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Download e-book for iPad: Democracy Derailed in Russia: The Failure of Open Politics by M. Steven Fish

By M. Steven Fish

ISBN-10: 0521618967

ISBN-13: 9780521618960

ISBN-10: 0521853613

ISBN-13: 9780521853613

Why has democracy didn't take root in Russia? After laying off the shackles of Soviet rule, a few international locations within the postcommunist sector undertook lasting democratization. but Russia didn't. Russia skilled dramatic political breakthroughs within the overdue Eighties and early Nineteen Nineties, however it for that reason did not keep development towards democracy. during this 2005 publication, M. Steven Fish bargains an evidence for the path of regime swap in post-Soviet Russia. counting on cross-national comparative research in addition to on in-depth box study in Russia, Fish exhibits that Russia's failure to democratize has 3 explanations: an excessive amount of monetary reliance on oil, too little monetary liberalization, and too susceptible a countrywide legislature. Fish's rationalization demanding situations others that experience attributed Russia's political travails to historical past, political tradition, or to 'shock treatment' in financial coverage. The booklet deals a theoretically unique and empirically rigorous cause of the most urgent political difficulties of our time.

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New PDF release: The Theory of Monopoly Capitalism

By John Bellamy Foster

ISBN-10: 1583674411

ISBN-13: 9781583674413

ISBN-10: 158367442X

ISBN-13: 9781583674420

In 1966, Paul Baran and Paul Sweezy released Monopoly Capital,
a huge paintings of monetary thought and social criticism
that sought to bare the fundamental nature of the capitalism of their
time. Their idea, and its carrying on with elaboration by means of Sweezy, Harry
Magdoff, and others in per thirty days evaluate journal, infl uenced generations
of radical and heterodox economists. They recognized
that Marx’s paintings was once unfi nished and itself traditionally conditioned,
and that any try to comprehend capitalism as an evolving
phenomenon had to take altering stipulations into account.
Having saw the increase of huge monopolistic (or oligopolistic)
fi rms within the 20th century, they positioned monopoly capital at the
center in their research, arguing that the emerging surplus such fi rms
accumulated—as end result of the their pricing strength, vast sales
efforts, and different factors—could no longer be profi tably invested back
into the economic system. Absent any “epoch making concepts” like the
automobile or mammoth new raises in army spending, the result
was a normal pattern towards financial stagnation—a situation that
persists, and is more and more obvious, to today. Their analysis
was additionally prolonged to problems with imperialism, or “accumulation on
a global scale,” overlapping with the path-breaking paintings of Samir
Amin in particular.
 
John Bellamy Foster is a number one exponent of this theoretical perspective
today, carrying on with within the culture of Baran and Sweezy’s
Monopoly Capital. This new version of his crucial paintings, The
Theory of Monopoly Capitalism, is a transparent and obtainable explication
of this outlook, mentioned to the current, and incorporating
an research of lately came upon “lost” chapters from Monopoly
Capital and correspondence among Baran and Sweezy. It also
discusses Magdoff and Sweezy’s research of the fi nancialization
of the economic system within the Nineteen Seventies, ‘80s, and ‘90s, prime as much as the
Great monetary problem of the outlet decade of this century. Foster
presents and develops the most arguments of monopoly capital
theory, studying its key exponents, and addressing its critics in a
way that's considerate yet rigorous, suspicious of dogma yet adamant
that the deep-seated difficulties of today’s monopoly-fi nance
capitalism can in simple terms actually be solved within the technique of overcoming
the procedure itself.

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The Political Ecologist by David Wells,Tony Lynch PDF

By David Wells,Tony Lynch

ISBN-10: 0754611191

ISBN-13: 9780754611196

even though eco-friendly methods to politics have had a few sensible successes in various varied international locations, the move has lacked an absolutely built and coherent political idea. during this precise learn David Wells and Tony Lynch reveal that ecological realizing and environmental drawback are usually not simply in step with notions of social fairness and grass-roots democracy, yet crisis for those goals are the logical outcome of what can be known as 'political ecology'. they start with a critique of current ways to eco-friendly politics, with specific recognition to the claims of 'deep ecology' and move directly to increase an incredible exam of the connection among financial and ecological forms of pondering. They finish with a 'social commons' encouraged revision of Lockean politics. What emerges is a crucial figuring out of the initiatives of politics: instead of concentrating on 'foreground' problems with person selection, the imperative political problem of our age is with the administration and provision of the heritage stipulations (the ecological stipulations - understood within the broadest feel) which permits the potential of a cheap lifestyles. The research indicates a priority with environmental commons engenders equivalent issues for social, fiscal and cultural commons, develops an account of ways such commons could be successfully controlled and relates this account to extra conventional political issues of democracy, liberty and equity.

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Read e-book online The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late 20th Century PDF

By Samuel P. Huntington

ISBN-10: 080612346X

ISBN-13: 9780806123462

ISBN-10: 0806125160

ISBN-13: 9780806125169

Between 1974 and 1990 greater than thirty nations in southern Europe, Latin the United States, East Asia, and japanese Europe shifted from authoritarian to democratic platforms of presidency. This worldwide democratic revolution is without doubt one of the most vital political pattern within the past due 20th century. In The Third Wave, Samuel P. Huntington analyzes the explanations and nature of those democratic transitions, evaluates the customers for balance of the recent democracies, and explores the opportunity of extra international locations changing into democratic. the new transitions, he argues, are the 3rd significant wave of democratization within the modem global. all the past waves was once by means of a opposite wave during which a few international locations shifted again to authoritarian executive. utilizing concrete examples, empirical proof, and insightful research, Huntington presents neither a concept nor a background of the 3rd wave, yet an evidence of why and the way it occurred.

Factors liable for the democratic pattern comprise the legitimacy dilemmas of authoritarian regimes; monetary and social improvement; the replaced function of the Catholic Church; the effect of the U.S., the eu neighborhood, and the Soviet Union; and the "snowballing" phenomenon: switch in a single kingdom stimulating switch in others. 5 key elite teams inside of and outdoors the nondemocratic regime performed roles in shaping some of the methods democratization happened. Compromise was once key to all democratizations, and elections and nonviolent strategies additionally have been imperative. New democracies needs to take care of the "torturer challenge" and the "praetorian challenge" and try to enhance democratic values and strategies. Disillusionment with democracy, Huntington argues, is important to consolidating democracy. He concludes the e-book with an research of the political, monetary, and cultural components that would make a decision even if the 3rd wave continues.

Several "Guidelines for Democratizers" provide particular, sensible feedback for starting up and engaging in reform. Huntington's emphasis on useful program makes this ebook a priceless instrument for an individual engaged within the democratization method. At this risky time in historical past, Huntington's overview of the tactics of democratization is integral to realizing the way forward for democracy within the world.

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